Tag Archives: Northrop Grumman

Cyber warfare on the rise. ATI offers information.

Year 2011 proved to be the record year for cyber attacks.  Security experts have discovered the biggest series of cyber attacks to date, involving the infiltration of the networks of 72 organizations including the United Nations, governments and companies around the world.

The graph shows many of the main Cyber Events of this tremendous 2011 up to June 16, 2011. Additional attacks were discovered against U.S. Defense Contractors (L-3 on April 6th, and Northrop Grumman on May 26th) as well. Cyber acts are a growing problem.

Other companies that suffered cyber attacks later in the year were Sega video game software developer, and the biggest security breach of the year: Zappos online shoe and apparel shop.

Would you information to protect your company against this modern day threat?

Applied Technology Institute, LLC offers a new Cyber Warfare-Theory and Fundamentals course on April 3-4, 2012 in Columbia, MD.

This two-day course is intended for technical and programmatic staff involved in the development, analysis, or testing of Information Assurance, Network Warfare, Network-Centric, and NetOPs systems. The course will provide perspective on emerging policy, doctrine, strategy, and operational constraints affecting the development of cyber warfare systems. This knowledge will greatly enhance participants’ ability to develop operational systems and concepts that will produce integrated, controlled, and effective cyber effects at each warfare level. U.S. citizenship required for students registered in this course.

You will learn the following:

  • What are the relationships between cyber warfare, information assurance, information operations, and network-centric warfare?
  • How can a cyber warfare capability enable freedom of action in cyberspace?
  • What are legal constraints on cyber warfare?
  • How can cyber capabilities meet standards for weaponization?
  • How should cyber capabilities be integrated with military exercises?
  • How can military and civilian cyberspace organizations prepare and maintain their workforce to play effective roles in cyberspace?
  • What is the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI)?

From this course you will obtain in-depth knowledge and awareness of the cyberspace domain, its functional characteristics, and its organizational inter-relationships enabling your organization to make meaningful contributions in the domain of cyber warfare through technical consultation, systems development, and operational test & evaluation.

Call today for registration at 410-956-8805 or 888-501-2100 or access registration page on our website at.  Any ATI course can be presented as an on-site at your facility.  For general questions please email us at ATI@ATIcourses.com

ATI specializes in short course technical training

Our mission here at the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) is to provide expert training and the highest quality professional development in space, communications, defense, sonar, radar, and signal processing. We are not a one-size-fits-all educational facility. Our short classes include both introductory and advanced courses.

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Stratolaunch Systems to develop flexible, orbital space delivery system

New company Stratolaunch Systems is developing an air-launch system which it says will revolutionise space travel.

Stratolaunch Systems, a Huntsman, Alabama headquartered company founded by entrepreneur Paul G. Allen, will build a mobile launch system with three primary components:

  • a carrier aircraft, developed by aircraft manufacturer Scaled Composites, founded by aerspace pioneer Burt Rutan;
  • a multi-stage booster, manufactured by Space Exploration Technologies; and
  • a mating and integration system allowing the carrier aircraft to carry a booster weighing up to 490 000 lbs, to be built by aerospace engineering companyDynetics.

The carrier aircraft, to be built by Scaled Composites (a subsidiary of Northrop Grumman), will weigh more than 1.2 million lbs, have a wingspan of 385 ft (greater than the length of a football field), and use six 747 engines. It will be the largest aircraft ever constructed.

The air-launch system requires a takeoff and landing runway that is, at minimum, 12 000 ft long. The carrier aircraft can fly over 1300 nautical miles to reach an optimal launch point.

The plane will be built in a Stratolaunch hangar which will soon be under construction at the Mojave Air and Space Port in California. It will be near where Rutan’s team at Scaled Composites built SpaceShipOne funded by Paul Allen, which won the US$10-million Ansari X Prize in 2004 after three successful sub-orbital flights. Richard Branson of Virgin Group has since licensed the technology behind SpaceShipOne for Virgin Galactic, a venture that will take paying customers into space.

Lower costs, increased flexibility

The Stratolaunch system will eventually have the capability of launching people into low earth orbit, but the company is taking a building block approach in development of the launch aircraft and booster, with initial efforts focused on unmanned payloads. Human flights will follow, after safety, reliability and operability are demonstrated.

Plans call for a first flight in 2016.

The air-launch-to-orbit system will mean lower costs, greater safety, and more flexibility and responsiveness than is possible today with ground-based systems, reports Stratolaunch.

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New Mini-Munitions Will Soon Eliminate Civilian Casualties and Collateral Damage

Civilian casualties and collateral damage could be completely eliminated in the near future thanks to a line of new mini-munitions designed by leading government defense contractors.

Raytheon Missile Systems is in process of designing a 13lb Small Tactical Munition to be carried by smaller unmanned aircraft like Shadow, TigerShark, Hunter and Viking. STM uses a combination of GPS satellite and inertial navigation with semi-active laser targeting. The device is around 24 inches long and 4 inches around. This will give the drones the option to attack smaller targets like automobiles without causing damage to surrounding areas.

Northrop Grumman has come out with the Viper Strike, a gliding, GPS-aided laser-guided variant of the Northrop Grumman Brilliant Anti-Tank (BAT) munition which originally had a combination acoustic and IR seeker. The Viper Strike is 36 inches long and only 5.5 inches in diameter.

Lockheed Martin has released the Scorpion (21.5 inches in length, and 4.25 inches in diameter),which is adaptable to multiple launch platforms, including manned or unmanned systems. Scorpion uses a semi-active laser (SAL) seeker for man-in-the-loop terminal guidance,and can be tailored to use planned, imaging infrared (I2R), shortwave infrared (SWIR), or millimeter wave (MMW) seekers.

Read more here.

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NAVY implements High-Energy Laser (HEL)

ATI Courses offers many courses on Radar, Missiles and Combat Systems.  We think the news below would be of interest to our readers.

On April 6, 2011 High-Energy Laser(HEL) was tested for the first time by Office of Naval Research and took out a small target vessel.
This would be a huge benefit to surface ships which can now disable small boat threats at a safe distance.

The ship used for this self-defense exercise was USS Paul Foster (DD 964). USS Paul F. Foster (DD-964), named for Vice Admiral Paul F. Foster USN (1889–1972), was aSpruance-class destroyer built by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Division of Litton Industries at Pascagoula, Mississippi.

High Energy Laser weapons have been progressively evolving since the 1960s, a path punctuated by a series of important scientific breakthroughs and engineering milestones.

The popular view of a HEL, seen as constructing a great big laser and pointing it at a target with the intention of vapourising it, bears only vague similarity to a real HEL weapon. There are genuine technological and operational challenges involved in creating truly useful and effective weapons.

Kinetic or projectile weapons such as guns, missiles and bombs destroy targets by kinetic effects, including overpressure, projectile, shrapnel and spalling damage, and incendiary effects. The result is structural damage and fire, which can and often will cause fatal damage to a target. A kinetic weapon thus uses stored chemical energy in propellants and warhead explosives, the latter where used, and delivers this energy to a target by means of a projectile of some kind. Whether the projectile weapon is a trebuchet tossing a large rock over 300 yards, or a multimode seeker equipped long range air to air missile hitting an aircraft from 200 nautical miles away, the underpinning principle is much the same, only the implementation is different.

At the most fundamental level Directed Energy Weapons share the concept of delivering a large amount of stored energy from the weapon to the target, to produce structural and incendiary damage effects. The fundamental difference is that a Directed Energy Weapon delivers its effect at the speed of light, rather than supersonic or subsonic speeds typical of projectile weapons.

Two of the most fundamental problems seen with projectile weapons, taht is getting the projectile to successfully travel a useful distance and hit the target, and then produce useful damage effects, are problems shared by Directed Energy Weapons. Having a powerful laser or microwave emitter maketh not a Directed Energy Weapon system alone.

Most contemporary literature lumps together a broad mix of weapons technologies in the Directed Energy Weapon category, including High Energy Laser (HEL) weapons, High Power Microwave (HPM) weapons, particle beam weapons and Laser Induced Plasma Channel (LIPC) weapons. The first two of these four classes of weapon are genuine Directed Energy Weapons. Particle beam weapons are best described as a form of projectile weapon, using atomic or subatomic particles as projectiles, accelerated to relativistic speeds. The LIPC is a hybrid, which uses a laser to ionise a path of molecules to the target, via which an electric charge can be delivered into the target to cause damage effects.

Of these four categories, HELs have the greatest potential in the near term to produce significant effect. HPM technology has similar potential, but has not been funded as generously and thus lags well behind lasers. LIPC has significant potential especially as a nonlethal weapon. Particle beam weapons at this time are apt to remain in the science fiction domain, as the weight and cost as yet do not justify the achievable military effect.
Additionally, the Navy accomplished several other benchmarks, including integrating Maritime Laser Demonstrator (MLD) with a ship’s radar and navigation system and firing an electric laser weapon from a moving platform at-sea in a humid environment. Other tests of solid state lasers for the Navy have been conducted from land-based positions.
Read more here.

Virginia Class Submarine Summary

ATI Courses is scheduled to present technical training short course Submarines and Anti-Submarine Warfare scheduled to be presented in Columbia, MD on June 21-23, 2011.  We think our readers would be interested in the information below.

Designed by Electric Boat, the Virginia-class is being built jointly under a teaming arrangement between Electric Boat and Northrop Grumman Newport News in Virginia. In 1998, the U.S. Navy awarded a $4.2 billion contract for the construction of the first four ships of the class. Virginia is the first of these. Displacing approximately 7,800 tons with a length of 370 feet, Virginia is longer but lighter than the previous Seawolf-class of submarines. The 132-member crew can launch Tomahawk land-attack missiles from 12 vertical launch system tubes and Mark 48 advanced capability torpedoes from four 21-inch torpedo tubes. Virginia will be able to attack targets ashore with accurate Tomahawk cruise missiles and conduct covert long-term surveillance of land areas, littoral waters or other sea forces. Other missions will conduct include anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare, special forces delivery & support, and mine delivery and minefield mapping. With enhanced communications connectivity, Virginia also will provide battle group & joint task force support, with full integration into carrier battle group operations. The Virginia-class submarines surpasses the performance of any current projected threat submarine, ensuring US undersea dominance well into the next century. The Virginia class (or SSN-774 class) of attack submarines are the first US subs to be designed for a broad spectrum of open-ocean and littoral missions around the world. They were designed as a cheaper alternative to the Cold War era Seawolf-class attack submarines, and are slated to replace aging Los Angeles class subs, seventeen of which have already been decommissioned. The Virginias incorporate several innovations. Instead of periscopes, the subs have a pair of extendable “photonics masts” outside the pressure hull. Each contains several high-resolution cameras with light-intensification and infrared sensors, an infrared laser rangefinder, and an integrated Electronic Support Measures (ESM) array. Signals from the masts’ sensors are transmitted through fiber optic data lines through signal processors to the control center. The subs also make use of pump-jet propulsors for quieter operations.


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