Tag Archives: China

China Threat: More Submarines Than US Navy

Applied Technology Institute (ATICourses) offers a variety of courses on Acoustic & Sonar Engineering as well as Radar, Defense, Missiles and Combat Systems.  The new below would be of interest to our readers.

China is building some “fairly amazing submarines” and now has more diesel- and nuclear-powered vessels than the United States.  China is also expanding the geographic areas of operation for its submarines, and their length of deployment.  For instance, China had carried out three deployments in the Indian Ocean, and had kept vessels out at sea for 95 days.

U.S. military officials in recent months have grown increasingly vocal about China’s military buildup and launched a major push to ensure that U.S. military technology stays ahead of rapid advances by China and Russia.

The quality of China’s submarines is reportedly lower than those built by the United States, but the size of its undersea fleet had now surpassed that of the U.S. fleet. A spokeswoman said the U.S. Navy had 71 commissioned U.S. submarines.  U.S. submarines are built by Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc. and General Dynamics Corp.

In its last annual report to Congress about China’s military and security developments, the Pentagon said China had 77 principal surface combatant ships, more than 60 submarines, 55 large and medium amphibious ships, and about 85 missile-equipped small combatants.

Read more here.


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U.S. Brings First-of-Its Kind Cyber-Espionage Charges Against Chinese Military Officials

Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses) offers Cyber Warfare – Global Trends course taught by Albert Kinney  who has 20 years of experience in research and operational cyberspace mission areas including the initial development and first operational employment of the Naval Cyber Attack Team.  We thought the news below would be of interest to our readers.

The United States has brought first-of-its kind cyber-espionage charges against five Chinese military officials accused of hacking into U.S. companies to gain trade secrets.

The indictment accuses the hackers of targeting the U.S. nuclear power, metals and solar products industries. The alleged victims are brand-name companies including Alcoa and Westinghouse.

he indictment includes allegations of trade secret theft and economic espionage.

Attorney General Eric Holder and other federal law enforcement officials were announcing the indictments later Monday. Holder says in a statement that the U.S. will not tolerate foreign government efforts to sabotage American companies.

THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP’s earlier story is below.

The United States is preparing to announce first-of-its-kind criminal charges Monday against Chinese military officials in an international cyberspying case, a government official said.

Attorney General Eric Holder and other federal law enforcement officials were expected to reveal the new indictments later Monday, the official told The Associated Press.

The indictments will accuse individuals of participating in cyber-espionage on behalf of a foreign government, said the official, who revealed this information only on grounds of anonymity because this person wasn’t authorized to publicly discuss the case in advance of the official announcement.

The official described the prosecution as unprecedented.

The official said Chinese government officials are being charged in the United States with hacking into private-sector companies to gain trade secrets, adding that Holder and other top-level law enforcement officials were poised to announce charges that include economic espionage and trade-secret theft.

Read more here.


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Chinese Lunar Rover Malfunctions

Applied Technology Institute (ATI courses) offers a variety of courses on satellite  & aerospace engineering.

China’s first lunar robotic vehicle showed signs of a mechanical control abnormality over the weekend, according to the Chinese news agency Xinhua, and scientists are now trying to organize repairs.

The rover, Jade Rabbit, reached the moon last month, the first soft landing on the lunar surface since 1976.

According to the Chinese State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, the malfunction was due to the “complicated lunar surface environment.” The administration gave no other details.

Jade Rabbit and its lander draw power from onboard solar cells that charge their batteries. During the frigid lunar night, which lasts about 14 Earth days, there is no sunlight to provide power, so both parts of the probe go into sleep mode.

The abnormality occurred before the rover’s second scheduled dormancy, on Saturday. The lander also went dormant on Friday.

The rover and the lander have carried out several observations and tests. The mission is planned to last three months.


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Is This China’s New Design for a Stealth Bomber?

Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses) offer a variety of courses Defense, Combat Systems and Radar. The news below could be of interest to our readers.

 

You’re looking at what some people are speculating is China’s design for a stealth bomber. It may look like a simple model right now. But these Chinese models have a habit of turning into working airplanes. And if that happens in this case, watch out. Because it could potentialy give Chinese the ability to penetrate deep, deep into enemy territory without the opponents ever knowing what hit them.

True or false? A model plane or just the base of a future radar evading attack plane?

Hard to say.

For sure, the shape of this alleged LRS (long range strike) stealth aircraft is intriguing and shows input from several existing U.S. planes, including the F-117 Nighthawk and the YF-23.  Furthermore, some of Beijing’s works were leaked in the form scale models during local exhibitions hence, even if unlikely, it is not completely impossible that the one depicted in the photographs and artwork above is the Chinese answer to the Russian sixth-generation pilotless strategic bomber based on the PAK-DA or the American X-51, Falcon HTV-2 and other hypersonic development programs on which U.S.’s perspective strike capability will be based.

China is working a lot on stealth planes.

Last month, few hours before the U.S. Navy launched the the Northrop Grumman X-47B unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) demonstrator off the deck of an aircraft carrier for the first time, images of China’s first weaponized stealth drone emerged from the Chinese Internet.


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Cyber Warfare: Chinese Accused Again

ATI’s offers Cyber Warfare- Global Trends course. It will be offered on June 18-20, 2013 in Columbia, MD.
We thought the news below could be of interest to our visitors.

A security company says it has traced cyber-espionage activities to a unit of China’s People’s Liberation Army.

In a report released on Tuesday, Mandiant Corp. said it has reasons to believe that a group it called Advanced Persistent Threat 1 (APT1) is likely backed by the Chinese government.

Mandiant, an advanced threat detection and response firm based in Washington D.C. said the cyber-espionage activity was traced to a certain PLA Unit 61398. The company said the unit is located in a huge building in Datong Road in Gaoqiaozhen, in the Pudong New Area in Shanghai.

A statement released on Tuesday, Mandiant said Unit 61398’s activities are considered a state secret. However, Mandiant said it has been tracking APT1 since 2006 and has found it to have compromised 141 companies in 20 major industries. The security firm said 80 per cent of the target companies were headquartered in countries where English is the native language and are in industries that China has identified as strategic.
A report from Computerworld.com, however said that China’s Foreign Ministry on Tuesday said that the government is opposed to hacking.

“Cyber-attacks are transnational and anonymous,” said ministry spokesman Hong Lei in a press conference. “It is very hard to trace the origin of attacks. I don’t know has this evidence in the relevant report is tenable.”

Mandiant said APT1 uses tools called GETMAIL and MAPIGET which are meant for stealing emails. The group can revisit a victim’s network over a period of months or years and pilfer technology blue prints, business plans, proprietary processes, emails, contact list and contract information, said Mandiant.

The security firm said it is releasing more than 3,000 APT1 indicators to expose APT1’s infrastructure and allow organizations to bolster their defenses against the cyber group.

Read more.


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China’s anti-satellite weapon a ‘trump card’ against US’

ATIcourses has many courses related to Space, Satellites, GPS and Satellite Communications. We think the the news below could be of interest to our visitors.

Amid reports that China is gearing up to conduct one more anti-satellite weapons test (ASAT) putting US Global Positioning System (GPS) at risk, Chinese state media today asserted that Beijing had the right to carry out the test as it is a “trump card” against Washington.

 

China may be gearing up to perform a controversial ASAT test this month, perhaps in the next week or two, US media report said.

“In 2007 and 2010, China conducted anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons tests, both on January 11. Rumours circulating for the past few months suggest that some within the US defence and intelligence community believe China is preparing to conduct another ASAT test,” Union of Concerned Scientists, a Cambridge-based body of scientists reported.

China’s previous tests caused concern in India too with assertions by the Indian defence officials that New Delhi also should acquire such a capability.

Read more here.

 


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Cyber Weapons: Are They The Deadliest Means Of Modern Warfare?

Chinese offensive capabilities in cyberspace are more effective than ever and are the subject of interest by the international community which fears the rise of China as a technological colossus.

The Pentagon is convinced that China is investing heavily in an effort to improve its cyber stature and ability to conduct offensive operations.

After violent demonstrations in China against Japan, a series of cyber attacks hit the websites of the Japan’s Defense Ministry, Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry, and the Supreme Court including Japan’s Statistics Bureau and Banking networks.

Iranian government recently conducted a major cyber attack on a major U.S. financial institution. The attack, although was unsuccessful – exhibited how Tehran has emerged as a strategic threat to U.S. cyber systems that control critical infrastructure such as military systems, financial networks, communications, the electrical power grid, transportation networks, and other vital functions.

South Korea since 2009 has cyber warfare command to work on Internet hacking prevention, cyber security, and restoration of damaged networks and carries out military operations in cyberspace in cases of emergency.

North Korea is reported to have a strong cyber warfare unit staffing more than 3000 people under the command chief of country’s intelligence agency. It has nation’s most gifted young people to work as professional hackers and get involved in other cyber warfare activities.

The question arises should not there be an international instrument to govern cyber warfare activities among countries of the world?


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China’s Ambitious Space Plans: What are they and can they be achieved by 2016?

Yesterday, China unveiled its space plans up to 2016. One of the most ambitious ones is to put an astronaut on the surface of the Moon. This feat hasn’t been accomplished since 1972 with Gene Cernan being the last to step off the lunar surface (Appolo 17).

What are China’s plans?

  1. Launch space labs and manned ships and prepare to build space stations over the next five years
  2. Continue exploring the moon using probes, start gathering samples of the moon’s surface, and “push forward its exploration of planets, asteroids and the sun.”
  3. Improve its launch vehicles, improve its communications, broadcasting and meteorological satellites and develop a global satellite navigation system, intended to rival the United States’ dominant global positioning system (GPS) network
  4. Use spacecraft to study the properties of black holes and begin monitoring space debris and small near-Earth celestial bodies and build a system to protect spacecraft from debris

Can China pull it off?

It is quite possible since China has been make remarkable progress in this area in recent years.

In 2003, China became the third country behind the U.S. and Russia to launch a man into space and, five years later, completed a spacewalk. Toward the end of this year, it demonstrated automated docking between its Shenzhou 8 craft and the Tiangong 1 module, which will form part of a future space laboratory.

In 2007, it launched its first lunar probe, Chang’e-1, which orbited the moon, collecting data and a complete map of the moon.

Since 2006, China’s Long March rockets have successfully launched 67 times, sending 79 spacecraft into orbit.

What does this mean for us?

Some elements of China’s program, notably the firing of a ground-based missile into one of its dead satellites four years ago, have alarmed American officials and others who say such moves could set off a race to militarize space. That the program is run by the military has made the U.S. reluctant to cooperate with China in space, even though the latter insists its program is purely for peaceful ends.


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China achieves first space docking manoeuvre

Two of China’s unmanned spacecraft successfully docked for the first time high above the Earth, China today termed it as a major technological breakthrough in its ambitious programme to establish a manned space station by 2020.

The Shenzhou-8 spacecraft which was launched two day ago silently coupled the Tiangong-1 module, sent into space last month more than 343 km above Earth, in a manoeuvre carried live on state television.
The assembly already has orbited Earth six times with onboard instruments working normally, Ms Wu Ping, the spokesperson of the China’s manned space programme said.
The success of the docking procedure makes China the third country in the world, after the United States and Russia, to master the technique, moving the country one step closer to establishing its own space station.
Shenzhou-8 and Tiangong-1 will fly together for about 12 days and then conduct another space docking at an appropriate time, Wu said. After that Shenzhou-8 would return back to home on November 17.  PTI
China plans to send a manned mission next year in which a woman astronaut could take part to attempt similar docking.
The President, Mr Hu Jintao, who is in France for the G-20 summit, sent a congratulatory message on the success of the country’s first-ever space docking.
“Breakthroughs in and acquisition of space docking technologies are vital to the three-phase development strategy of our manned space programme,” Mr Hu said.
For more 10 years, China has made breakthroughs in key technologies and formed a set of design, production and experiment systems for spacecraft space docking, Ms Wu said.
“Acquisition of the space docking technology is vital for China to implement the three-phase development strategy of its manned space programme,” she said.
Space docking is among the fundamental technologies necessary for manned space operations, she said was quoted as saying by the official Xinhua news agency.
Ms Wu also said the space docking technology would also promote the “sustained development of its manned space cause,” apparently rebutting criticism China is experimenting with technology which former Soviet Union did decades ago.
One of the influential state-run dailies, the Global Times two days ago questioned the relevance of the docking programme saying that the country needed to strike a balance in its spending.
“The docking test between Shenzhou-8 and Tiangong-1 (to be accomplished in the next two days) is a brave step. But the former Soviet Union took that step more than 30 years ago. Furthermore, the diameter of China’s carrier rockets and their relevant carrying capacity lag behind America and Russia”, state run Global Times said in its editorial.
“China hasn’t experienced major setbacks in the development of manned spaceflight technology, and China has high expectations for the future of space technology. But China’s space projects are imitating America’s and Russia’s”, it had said.
“In China today, human lives are the priority….. Money is needed elsewhere, and appears to be more urgent than space technology”, it had said.


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Another step in China’s troubling military buildup. aircraft carrier testing to start in July

There is no secret that China is actively pursuing accelerated military buildup and becoming increasingly aggressive around its borders.  Here are just a few indicators that were observed recently by the rest  of the world.

 

  • Definite acceleration of offensive air and missile developments
  • A growing arsenal of ballistic and cruise missiles, including anti-ship missiles and advanced radar-evading stealth combat aircraft
  • Pursuit of counterspace and cyber capabilities that can be used to disrupt US military operations
  • A flare-up in territorial spats with Japan, the Philippines and Vietnam and strained relations with South Korea (all of which have turned to Washington for support)

China also purchased its first aircraft carrier (a refurbished Russian ship) and towed it from Ukraine.  The Varyag, a Kuznetsov-class carrier, was originally built for the Soviet navy, but construction was interrupted by the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.   The initial sea trial will start in July.  The increased activity was observed aboard the ship in recent days.  The ship will be formally launched next year on October 1, China’s national day, after workers complete the installation of weapons systems and other equipment.

This is likely to further worry neighbors amid heightened tensions over territorial disputes.

 

 


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