Category Archives: Continuing Education and Seminar Marketing

This blog discusses effective marketing of seminars and conferences. The blog is intended for continued education professionals to share tips and results of their promotional effects.

Layered Missile Defense Article and Comments

Missile Defense is a complex problem for the US and US allies such as Israel and Poland. The US Department of Defense has a layered approach of different systems to detect threat missile launches and then to intercept and destroy the incoming missiles.

 Defense systems include

1. Phalanx Close-In Weapons System (CIWS)

2. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)

3. Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System

4. Israel’s Iron Dome

5. SkyCeptor This is a good summary article sponsored by Raytheon.

https://breakingdefense.com/2018/10/the-present-and-future-of-layered-missile-defense/?

Equally as interesting are the detailed comments from the Breaking Defense readers that appear at the end of the article. The comments focus on costs and the relative costs of the missiles used by the attackers (say for example North Korea or Iran) and the missile defense system missiles. ATI is interested in your comments about the article and open source articles about Missile Defense Systems cost and performance. ATI has many relevant technical training courses that help to understand the technology and components of Missile Defense Systems. These courses can be presented on-site at your facility or at publically scheduled open enrollment courses. Please email your requests to ati@aticourses.com

https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar These courses help understand the Missile Defense technologies

1. Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense- https://www.aticourses.com/Aegis_Ballistic_Missile_Defense.html

2. Aegis Combat System Engineering- https://www.aticourses.com/Aegis_Combat_System_Engineering.html

3. AESA Radar and Its Applications https://www.aticourses.com/Modern_AESA_Radara_Principles.html

4. C4ISR Requirements, Principles& Systems https://www.aticourses.com/c4isr_requirement_principles.htm

5. Electronic Warfare Against the New Threat https://www.aticourses.com/Electroni_Warfare_Agains_New_Threat_Environment.html

These courses directly focus on missiles and missile defense.

1. Making Decisions in Missile Defense- https://www.aticourses.com/making_decisions_in_missile_defense.htm

2. Missile Analysis- https://www.aticourses.com/missile_systems_analysis.htm

3. Missile Guidance https://www.aticourses.com/Modern_Missile_Guidance.html

4. Missile System Design https://www.aticourses.com/tactical_missile_design.htm

5. Modeling, Simulation of Aerospace Vehicles https://www.aticourses.com/Modeling_Simulation_Analysis_of_Aerospace_Vehicles.html

6. Modeling & Simulation of Missiles in 6 DoF https://www.aticourses.com/Modeling&SimulationMissilesin6DoF.html

7. Tactical Strategic Missile Guidance Please email your requests for more information to ati@aticourses.com

It Will Be Historic: New Horizons Team Prepares for January 1, 2019 Flyby of Kuiper Belt Ultima Thule

Applied Technology Institute (ATI or ATIcourses) has been following the New Horizons Mission to Pluto for years (since launch in 2006). Now New Horizons is on to the Kuiper Belt object (KBO) nicknamed Ultima Thule. New Horizons will fly past and image the Ultima Thule on January 1, 2019.

Several of ATI instructors have been lead scientists for the New Horizons mission. If you are working in Space and Spacecraft it is good to take classes and learn from real-world experts who have designed and operated successful spacecraft.

This is a good article to keep you up to date.
https://www.space.com/42252-new-horizons-team-ultima-thule-flyby.html?

If you have interest ATI can send you updates in on our blog and our newsletter.
https://secure.campaigner.com/CSB/Public/Form.aspx

Background

New Horizons is a space probe launched by NASA on 19 January 2006, to the dwarf planet Pluto and on an escape trajectory from the Sun. It is the first man-made spacecraft to go to Pluto. Its flight took eight years. It arrived at the Pluto–Charon system on July 14, 2015. It flew near Pluto and took photographs and measurements while it passed. At about 1 kilobit per second, it took 15 months to transmit them back to Earth.

ATI instructors who helped plan, develop and engineer the New Horizons Mission. These include the following engineers and scientists, with their bios and links to their related ATI courses.

1. Dr. Alan Stern http://aticourses.com/planetary_science.htm

Dr. Alan Stern is a planetary scientist, space program executive, aerospace consultant, and author. In 2010, he was elected to be the President and CEO of The Golden Spike Company, a commercial space corporation planning human lunar expeditions. Additionally, since 2009, he has been an Associate Vice President at the Southwest Research Institute, and since 2008 has had his own aerospace consulting practice.
Dr. Stern is the Principal Investigator (PI) of NASA’s $720M New Horizon’s Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission, the largest PI-led space mission ever launched by NASA. New Horizons launched in 2006 and arrived on July 14, 2015. Dr. Stern is also the PI of two instruments aboard New Horizons, the Alice UV spectrometer and the Ralph Visible Imager/IR Spectrometer.

2. Eric Hoffman
http://www.aticourses.com/effective_design_reviews.htm
http://www.aticourses.com/spacecraft_quality.htm

Eric Hoffman has designed space-borne communications and navigation equipment and performed systems engineering on many APL satellites and communications systems. He has authored over 60 papers and holds 8 patents in these fields. Mr. Hoffman was involved in the proposal (as well as several prior Pluto mission concepts). He chaired the major system-level design reviews (and now teaches the course Effective Design Reviews). He was Space Department Chief Engineer during the concept, design, fabrication, and test of New Horizons. His still actively consulting in the field. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and coauthor of the leading textbook Fundamentals of Space Systems

3. Chris DeBoy http://www.aticourses.com/Satellite_Communications_Design_Engineering.htm

Chris DeBoy leads the RF Engineering Group in the Space Department at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and is a member of APL’s Principal Professional Staff. He has over 20 years of experience in satellite communications, from systems engineering (he is the lead RF communications engineer for the New Horizons Mission to Pluto) to flight hardware design for both Low-Earth orbit and deep-space missions. He holds a BSEE from Virginia Tech, a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Johns Hopkins, and teaches the satellite communications course for the Johns Hopkins University.

4. Dr. Mark E. Pittelkau http://www.aticourses.com/attitude_determination.htm

Dr. Pittelkau was previously with the Applied Physics Laboratory, Orbital Sciences Corporation, CTA Space Systems (now Orbital), and Swales Aerospace. His experience in satellite systems covers all phases of design and operation, including conceptual design, implementation, and testing of attitude control systems, attitude and orbit determination, and attitude sensor alignment and calibration, control-structure interaction analysis, stability and jitter analysis, and post-launch support. His current interests are precision attitude determination, attitude sensor calibration, orbit determination, and optimization of attitude maneuvers. Dr. Pittelkau earned the B.S. and Ph. D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Tennessee Technological University and the M.S. degree in EE from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

5. Douglas Mehoke (and others) http://www.aticourses.com/spacecraft_thermal_control.htm

Douglas Mehoke is the Assistant Group Supervisor and Technology Manager for the Mechanical System Group in the Space Department at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has worked in the field of spacecraft and instrument thermal design for 30 years, and has a wide background in the fields of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. He has been the lead thermal engineer on a variety spacecraft and scientific instruments, including MSX, CONTOUR, and New Horizons. He is presently the Technical Lead for the development of the Solar Probe Plus Thermal Protection System. He was the original thermal engineer for New Horizons, the mechanical system engineer, and is currently the spacecraft damage lead for the flyby Hazard Team. Other JHU/APL are currently teaching the Spacecraft Thermal Control course.

6. Steven Gemeny http://www.aticourses.com/ground_systems_design.htm

Steve Gemeny is a Principal Program Engineer and a former Senior Member of the Professional Staff at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, where he served as Ground Station Lead for the TIMED mission to explore Earth’s atmosphere and Lead Ground System Engineer on the New Horizons mission to explore Pluto by 2020. Mr. Gemeny is an experienced professional in the field of Ground Station and Ground System design in both the commercial world and on NASA Science missions with a wealth of practical knowledge spanning nearly three decades. Mr. Gemeny delivers his experiences and knowledge to his ATIcourses’ students with an informative and entertaining presentation style. Mr Gemeny is Director Business Development at Syntonics LLC, working in RF over fiber product enhancement, new application development for RF over fiber technology, oversight of advanced DOD SBIR/STTR research and development activities related to wireless sensors and software defined antennas.

7. John Penn http://www.aticourses.com/fundamentals_of_RF_engineering.html

John Penn is currently the Team Lead for RFIC Design at Army Research Labs. Previously, he was a full-time engineer at the Applied Physics Laboratory for 26 years where he contributed to the New Horizons Mission. He joined the Army Research Laboratory in 2008. Since 1989, he has been a part-time professor at Johns Hopkins University where he teaches RF & Microwaves I & II, MMIC Design, and RFIC Design. He received a B.E.E. from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1980, an M.S. (EE) from Johns Hopkins University (JHU) in 1982, and a second M.S. (CS) from JHU in 1988.

8. Timothy Cole
http://www.aticourses.com/space_based_lasers.htm
http://www.aticourses.com/Tactical_Intelligence_Surveillance_Reconnaissance_System_Engineering.htm
http://www.aticourses.com/Wireless_Sensor_Networking.htm

Timothy Cole is a leading authority with 30 years of experience exclusively working in electro-optical systems as a system and design engineer. While at Applied Physics Laboratory for 21 years, Tim was awarded the NASA Achievement Award in connection with the design, development, and operation of the Near-Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Laser Radar and was also the initial technical lead for the New Horizons LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI instrument). He has presented technical papers addressing space-based laser altimetry all over the US and Europe. His industry experience has been focused on the systems engineering and analysis associated development of optical detectors, wireless ad hoc remote sensing, exoatmospheric sensor design and now leads ICESat-2 ATLAS altimeter calibration effort.

9. Jay Jenkins http://www.aticourses.com/spacecraft_solar_arrays.htm

Jay Jenkins is a Systems Engineer in the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA and an Associate Fellow of the AIAA. His 24-year aerospace career provided many years of experience in design, analysis, and test of aerospace power systems, solar arrays, and batteries. His career has afforded him opportunities for hands-on fabrication and testing, concurrent with his design responsibilities. He was recognized as a winner of the ASME International George Westinghouse Silver Medal for his development of the first solar arrays beyond Mars’ orbit and the first solar arrays to orbit the planet, Mercury. He was recognized with two Best Paper Awards in the area of Aerospace Power Systems.
See some of ATI’s earlier blog posts
https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/tag/douglas-mehoke/
https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/tag/mission-operations-center-at-apl/

What was it exactly? Space history’s most fascinating misquote.

This is an interesting article. What was it exactly? History’s most fascinating misquote.

“Houston, we have a problem’: The amazing history of the iconic Apollo 13 misquote.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/podcasts/retropod/historys-most-fascinating-misquote/

To me, the differences are small, especially since the problem was not resolved at the time of the radio message,
and could have lead to the death of the 3 astronauts.

“Houston, we have a problem’

and “Houston, we had a problem’ (That was apparently what was actually said).

If you want to know more about Space and Satellite Design, go to
https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#space

If you want more history od Apollo 13, see
https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/apollo/apo13hist.html

28th Annual INCOSE International Symposium July 7 – July 12, 2018 In Washington DC

INCOSE’s Annual International Symposium is the largest annual gathering of people who do systems engineering for four days of presentations, case studies, workshops, tutorials and panel discussions. The program attracts an international mix of professionals at all levels, and includes practitioners in government and industry, as well as educators and researchers.

https://www.incose.org/symp2018/home

ATIcouses has more than 50 courses in Systems Engineering. See
https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#systems

Chinese Naval Plans for Subs and Carriers

Do your friends tell you that you surf the Internet too much, or do you tell others that they spend too much time surfing the Internet?

Well, it is lucky that someone was surfing, and had the foresight to grab some Chinese Documents during the brief period when they were available online. As reported in Popular Science on March 16, “For a brief moment, the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), put online China’s next big naval projects (but quickly pulled them down).” Sure, some conspiracy theorists may claim this was nothing more than a clever way to spread disinformation, but to others, it represents a wealth of accidentally released information about “ China’s ambitions for a world class navy.” What do you think? The article explains that CSIC is a PLAN shipbuilder with a history of building Carriers and Submarines. It is believed that they will build the Type 095 Nuclear Attack Submarine. “The Type 095 SSN will include new noise reduction measures, like an integrated electric propulsion system and possibly a shaftless rim drive, single hull, and electronic noise cancellation.”
The Chinese continue to be concerned about area denial. The article describes that “To defend Chinese home waters and expand the anti-access/area denial umbrella underwater, CSIC is designing an underwater attack and defense system. It could likely be an armed variant of the “Underwater Great Wall” of UUVs, other maritime robots, and seafloor sensors.”

You can read the full article here….. https://www.popsci.com/china-nuclear-submarine-aircraft-carrier-leak

Or if you want to learn more about the concepts detailed in this article, consider taking an ATI course such as the following.
Submarines and Submariners

Remote Sensing Before and After Hurricane Harvey

800px-Harvey_2017-08-25_2231ZThe value of remote sensing is shown again with images of before and after Hurricane Harvey. Wow – Take a look!

The Ny times featured Digital Globe images of the areas of Texas that were severely hit by Hurricane Harvey. There are also street level photographs to show the local spots before and after Harvey.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/08/29/us/houston-before-and-after-hurricane-harvey.html?mcubz=3

If you are interested in learning more about remote sensing from satellites the Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses) has in-depth technical training programs.

https://www.aticourses.com/Optical_Communications_Systems.htm

https://www.aticourses.com/synthetic_aperture_radar.html

https://www.aticourses.com/hyperspectral_imaging.htm

The Washington Post has great images of the the rainfall rate relative to historic averages. The claim is that some Texas areas had a rainfall rate that is a 0.1% chance flood event in a year or 1 in 1000 in a year.

“A new analysis from the University of Wisconsin’s Space Science and
Engineering Center has determined that Harvey is a 1-in-1,000-year flood
event that has overwhelmed an enormous section of Southeast Texas
equivalent in size to New Jersey.”

Harvey released 40 inches to 45 inches of rain in a few days over areas of Texas or about 24.5 trillion gallons of water. Huge amount! – that is 3.5 ft in some areas.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2017/08/31/harvey-is-a-1000-year-flood-event-unprecedented-in-scale/

The prediction of the frequency of strong flooding is tricky. The definitions and methods matter and can be slanted to make the author’s point. See the many comments to the above article.

By some measures this is the third 500 year flood in 3 years for Houston.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/08/29/houston-is-experiencing-its-third-500-year-flood-in-3-years-how-is-that-possible/

Please update this post with useful articles about the analysis of the Harvey rainfall and flooding in comparison to other major US flood events.

Protecting Against the Cyber Insider Threat

This is a good article on protecting against the cyber insider threat. I quote below the action items, but you should read the full article for more insight.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/cyber-insider-threat-mellisa-wagner?trk=prof-post

What you can do

There are ways you can protect your organization’s (and your customer’s) data. It’s not difficult, but it will require diligence.

  1. On-board your employees in a consistent manner that properly trains them in cyber vulnerabilities
  2. Maintain this training regularly
  3. Assess your organization’s and employee’s weakness so you can better mitigate cyber vulnerabilities and risks
  4. Understand cyber risks

Your IT professionals aren’t the true gatekeepers – your employees are! 

ATIcourses offers several practical cyber security training programs that can help with the ongoing need for cyber technical training. 

Cyber Leadership Course(CLC)

Cyber Security -Practical Boot Camp

Cyber Security, Communications & Networking courses

Humor for the day. Bill Gates and Steve Jobs in Heaven.

Jim Jenkins  President ATIcourses Technical Training : defense & engineering courses..

I saw this as a LinkedIn post and thought it was funny.

Originally posted to LinkedIn by Dr. Robert Mueller

Humor - Bill Gates and Steve Jobs discussing Heaven
Humor – Bill Gates and Steve Jobs discussing Heaven

Bill Gates: “So, how’s heaven, Steve?” Steve Jobs: “Great ! It just doesn’t have any wall or fence.” Bill Gates: “So…?” Steve Jobs: “So, we don’t need any Windows and Gates. I’m sorry, Bill, I didn’t mean to offend you.” Bill Gates: “It’s ok Steve, but I heard a rumor.” Steve Jobs: “Oh, what rumor?” Bill Gates: “That nobody is allowed to touch Apple there, and there are no Jobs in heaven.” Steve Jobs : “Oh no, definitely there are, but only no-pay Jobs. Therefore definitely no Bill in heaven as everything will be provided free….

Lori Ruff – Okay… that’s creative. 🙂
Daniel Mumby “That StartUp Guy    “”The wifi is much better now”

Video – New Test Success – Navy’s Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air concept (NIFC-CA)

Video – New Test Success – Navy’s Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air concept (NIFC-CA)

ATI teaches more than 50 courses on EW, Missile Systems and Radar Tracking. We thought this article would interest our students.

This test combines the F-35B EW system with the Aegis System in a new way.

https://news.usni.org/2016/09/13/video-successful-f-35-sm-6-live-fire-test-points-expansion-networked-naval-warfare

Using targeting information transmitted from the Marine Corps F-35B, the Navy’s Aegis test site at the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico launched an SM-6 anti-air missile and struck a target representing an adversarial fighter.

F-35 sensors include the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar capable of air-to-air operations, air-to-surface operations, and a broad spectrum of electronic warfare and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

The unmodified F-35 picked up the target with its own sensors and routed the track via the fighter’s Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL pronounced: MAHdel) to the Navy’s USS Desert Ship (LLS-1) test platform running the Baseline 9 Aegis Combat System. Lockheed and the Navy attached a MADL antenna to the combat system to receive the track information that fed the information to the SM-6.

https://news.usni.org/2016/09/13/video-successful-f-35-sm-6-live-fire-test-points-expansion-networked-naval-warfare


To learn more about the F35 go to

https://www.f35.com/

https://www.f35.com/media/photos

To learn more about ATI’s more than  50 courses on EW, Missile Systems and Radar Tracking

http://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar

 

 

 

Zumwalt Destroyer Moving Toward Commissioning

 

The Navy gave a first look inside the stealthy and futuristic Zumwalt destroyer on Friday during the ship’s first port stop at a Rhode Island naval station.

160908-N-CS971-005 NEWPORT, R.I. (Sept. 8, 2016) The guided-missile destroyer Pre-Commissioning Unit (PCU) Zumwalt (DDG 1000) arrives at Naval Station Newport, Rhode Island during its maiden voyage from Bath Iron Works Shipyard in Bath, Maine. The port visit marks Zumwalt's first stop before the ship ultimately sails to her new homeport of San Diego. During the transit, the ship is scheduled to take part in training operations, a commissioning ceremony in Baltimore and various additional port visits. Zumwalt is named for former Chief of Operations Elmo R. Zumwalt and is the first in a three-ship class of the Navy's newest, most technologically advanced multi-mission guided-missile destroyers. (U.S. Navy photo by Haley Nace/Released)

The 610-foot-long warship has an angular shape to minimize its radar signature and cost more than $4.4 billion. It’s the most expensive destroyer built for the Navy. It’s headed from Naval Station Newport to Baltimore, where it will be commissioned in October before going to its homeport in San Diego. It was built at Bath Iron Works in Maine.

It is on its way to its commissioning in Baltimore on Oct. 15. The USS Zumwalt is docked at Naval Station Newport on Thursday after its arrival from Maine. The first of three Zumwalt class destroyers, the Zumwalt is about 1½ times the size of the previous Arleigh Burke class destroyers but is manned by only 147 sailors, about half the size of a Burke crew.

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/5780f73caee642cdbab5e4e7dd83a082/us-navy-gives-look-inside-futuristic-44b-zumwalt-destroyer

Interestingly enough, we blogged about this as a “ship of the future” in 2014:

NAVY’s Stealth Ship of the future: Zumwalt

 

This link discuss the third Zumwalt ship. Navy consideration of scrapping third ship of Zumwalt-class destroyer to save money.

http://www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2015/09/zumwalt-class-destroyer.html

 

 

The following was posted to USNA-AT-LARGE Yahoo group and was written by Roger Barnett, Professor Emeritus, Naval War College.

Visited Zumwalt yesterday–not USS Zumwalt yet.  (That happens on October 15 in Baltimore:

http://usszumwalt.org/commissioning-2016/

Local news write-up here:  https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/122348/State%20of%20the%20art%20ship%20visits%20Naval%20Station%20Newport%20%7C%20Page%20One%20%7C%20newportri.com.pdf

Wore my USS Texas  (BB-35) shirt because I was interested in a comparison of that battleship and the new destroyer.  Here’s a bare-bones look at size, complement, and cost:

Zumwalt (2016)     USS Texas (1914)
Length                610ft              573ft
Beam                   81ft               95ft
Displacement     16,000T        27,000T
Complement       147                1,042
Cost                     ≈$4b              $11m in 1912 (≈$275m today)

•  Toured the ship with a group of 25.  Was onboard for about 30 minutes, toured forecastle–no ground tackle in view; bridge–3 watchstanders when ship is underway, (also three watchstanders in engineering, I was told)  very poor visibility from small windows, but large video screens above the windows, all the way around.  Not possible to position lookouts out in the elements.  External visibility must be minimal at night.  Then to Combat:  About 15 workstations in large room, about 20 feet high.  CO’s battlestation on centerline of space, 2/3ds of way back.  Large video screens all around.

•  Ship has complement of 147.  There is no such thing as a separate condition 3; ship is always at condition 3 when underway–owing to automation, no additional stations to fill.

•  No non-rated aboard. All enlisted are E-4 to E-9.  Enlisted live in 4-person compartments, each with its own head.  Officers–except CO, XO, Unit CDR, and Chief of Staff–and most senior CPO’s in 2-person staterooms, en suite.  Ship has about 60 heads (!), which are cleaned by occupants.  I did not ask who cleans CO’s and Unit CDR’s heads.

•  Weapons: 80 VLS launch cells located on the periphery of the ship–outside the lifelines, which are removed when the ship is underway–in the forward third of the ship.  Also two 155mm advanced gun systems in two mounts forward and two 30-mm gun systems that are for defense against small craft swarm tactics (https://news.usni.org/2014/08/05/navy-swaps-anti-swarm-boat-guns-ddg-1000s).  Can embark two MH-60 helos; can also carry drones, which would be embarked as a detachment with controllers, but not simultaneously with helos.  Can carry two RHIBs.  Ship had only one aboard as we saw when we visited the boat deck.  Tour guide said they were investigating loading V-22 Ospreys, but there was an issue with the exhausts damaging the nonskid on the flight deck.  (NFI)

•  Very large composite superstructure, housing SPY-radar system, must be vulnerable to attack with high velocity frag warheads.  SPY not yet installed.  Small navigation radars fore and aft are temporary until SPY system is installed while ship is in San Diego.

•  Ship’s firefighting suite uses fresh water.  Officer conducting tour said he did not know why, except that salt water was more conductive and more damaging to electronics than fresh water.  This was an eye-opener for me, who tends to believe that a fire aboard ship takes precedence to concerns about harming the electronic suite.  The mindset, however, is that the electronic system is life, and without it you will be sure to die, so it is always the top priority.  If someone knows more about this than I do, please enlighten!

•  Electric drive; gas turbine prime movers.

•  Other specs well laid out

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zumwalt-class_destroyer#cite_note-usni5aug14-8

•  Ship class at inception was for 32 ships, now the plan is to build 3.  Follows fairly closely the fate of the B-2 bomber.