Apollo 11- Remembering the “Great Leap for Mankind” 50 Years Later.

In May 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued a challenge to the nation to have a U.S. manned mission land on the moon within a decade. With the Cold War ongoing and the Soviets leading in space efforts, Kennedy’s call served to unite America’s best and brightest scientists and engineers and to invigorate the space […]
In May 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued a challenge to the nation to have a U.S. manned mission land on the moon within a decade. With the Cold War ongoing and the Soviets leading in space efforts, Kennedy’s call served to unite America’s best and brightest scientists and engineers and to invigorate the space dreams of the American people. The challenges in this endeavor meant that thousands of engineers, scientists and technicians would have to develop, create and test concepts and equipment that did not yet exist.
While mankind will always remember Neal Armstrong’s famous words and the names of the three Apollo 11 astronauts, what should not be forgotten is the remarkable achievements of the thousands of those who remained behind the scenes working and creating to bring about the ultimate success of the mission. All of NASA’s great achievements are and will continue to be the result of NASA employees and their dedicated and tireless work.
The Apollo 11 mission was the “proof of concept” mission that proved that NASA, with a dedicated country behind it, could achieve the “impossible”. The mission not only expanded our hopes, dreams and expectations but demonstrated our need for more NASA personnel engaged in all aspects of aerospace pursuits. What must be remembered is that the moon landing was the culmination of many years of space efforts by NASA, building on the advances of prior space programs and achievements. Thousands of NASA pioneers worked on space programs such as Project Mercury, the first of NASA’s man-in-space programs and the Gemini Mission. Fifty years ago, space technology was still in its infancy. The Apollo spacecraft computers that enabled men to walk on the moon had less processing power than that of a modern cellphone. So much progress has been made since that time, largely as a result of NASA’s commitment and the brilliant work of its dedicated personnel, that space exploration opportunities are now endless. Only imagination, training and funding are needed to reach new goals. Apollo 11 launched from Cape Kennedy on July 16, 1969, carrying Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin into history. Millions of people were glued to television sets as Armstrong’s first step on the moon was televised live on July 20, 1969. “One small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind” became one of space histories most famous quotations even though there is confusion as to the actual quote. Armstrong states that he said, “one small step for a man, while most heard “for man”. Either way, it was most certainly a great leap forward for mankind.   Space exploration is still the realm of unbounded opportunities. Space News provides several articles in their July 15, 2019 issue. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/apollo-moon-landing-anniversary-books A list of all the Space Related Courses offered by ATI can be found at https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#space The current schedule is at https://www.aticourses.com/schedule.html#spaceSatellite
    If you remember the Apollo landings, What effect did they have on your life and career choices? Please add your comments.
Continue reading “Apollo 11- Remembering the “Great Leap for Mankind” 50 Years Later.”

New Horizon’s Music and Video

New Horizon now has its own music. Listen to this video. http://bravewords.com/news/brian-may-posts-nasa-ultima-thule-flyby-in-one-minute-featuring-his-music-video See some of ATI’s previous posts about New Horizons https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2018/12/31/new-horizons-watch-the-ultima-thule-flyby-in-depth-coverage-starts-dec-31/ https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/category/new-horizons-space-mission/
New Horizon now has its own music. Listen to this video. http://bravewords.com/news/brian-may-posts-nasa-ultima-thule-flyby-in-one-minute-featuring-his-music-video See some of ATI’s previous posts about New Horizons https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2018/12/31/new-horizons-watch-the-ultima-thule-flyby-in-depth-coverage-starts-dec-31/ https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/category/new-horizons-space-mission/

Bill Gates Reveals The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Change The World in 2019

Here’s the full 2019 selection, as picked by Gates – a comprehensive exploration of each idea will be published in the March/ April edition of MIT Technology Review, released on March 5. 1. Robot dexterity—robot hands that can learn to manipulate unfamiliar objects on their own. 2. Predicting preemies—a simple blood test to warn of […]
Here’s the full 2019 selection, as picked by Gates – a comprehensive exploration of each idea will be published in the March/ April edition of MIT Technology Review, released on March 5. 1. Robot dexterity—robot hands that can learn to manipulate unfamiliar objects on their own. 2. Predicting preemies—a simple blood test to warn of a preterm birth, potentially saving many children’s lives. 3. Gut probe in a pill—a swallowable device that can image the digestive tract and even perform biopsies. 4. Custom cancer vaccines—a treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to target only tumor cells. 5. The cow-free burger—both plant-based and lab-grown meat alternatives that could drastically cut emissions from the food industry. 6. Carbon dioxide catcher—techniques for absorbing CO2 from the air and locking it away that may finally become economic. 7. An ECG on your wrist—the ability for people with heart conditions to continuously monitor their health and get early warnings of problems. 8. Sanitation without sewers—a self-contained toilet that could tackle disease and unpleasant living conditions in much of the developing world. 9. Smooth-talking AI assistants—new advances in natural language processing that make digital assistants capable of greater autonomy. 10. New-wave nuclear power—both fission and fusion reactor designs that could help bring down carbon emissions. To learn about Technology advances and Artifical Intelligence and Deep Learning go to https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#engineering To give credit to the sources, I first learned about this list of advances through an email newsletter published via Bernard Marr. https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2019/02/27/bill-gates-reveals-the-10-breakthrough-technologies-that-will-change-the-world-in-2019/#34fcc6a6171d

Update on Story -Rover Was Delivered to Mars by an ATLAS Rocket Update

The Applied Technology Institute published (01/23/2019) a story on the Curiosity Rover Was Delivered to Mars in 2015. Space News posted a related article on (01/24/2019). https://www.space.com/43104-mars-rover-opportunity-landing-15th-anniversary.html? This was the original ATI post http://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2019/01/23/recall-that-curi…s-rocket-in-2011/ ‎
The Applied Technology Institute published (01/23/2019) a story on the Curiosity Rover Was Delivered to Mars in 2015. Space News posted a related article on (01/24/2019). https://www.space.com/43104-mars-rover-opportunity-landing-15th-anniversary.html? This was the original ATI post http://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2019/01/23/recall-that-curi…s-rocket-in-2011/ ‎

Funny Military Dog Photos

I enjoyed these funny Military Dog Photos. These have nothing to do with ATI’s technical training classes, but I have always enjoyed dogs. None of these military dogs will attend ATI’s courses. The Postal Service saw my Funny Military Dog Photos. It will recognize the Military Dogs with stamps this year. There will be one […]
I enjoyed these funny Military Dog Photos. These have nothing to do with ATI’s technical training classes, but I have always enjoyed dogs. None of these military dogs will attend ATI’s courses. The Postal Service saw my Funny Military Dog Photos. It will recognize the Military Dogs with stamps this year. There will be one stamp each for the German shepherd, Labrador retriever, Belgian Malinois and Dutch shepherd breeds, which are all types of military working dogs. https://www.military.com/undertheradar/2019/01/24/8-funny-working-dog-memes-thatll-make-you-wag-your-tail.html?

New Horizons’ Best-Yet Detailed View of Ultima Thule

The best-yet image of Ultima Thule taken by the wide-angle Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) is now online. The image shows a large circular depression, and many smaller depressions. These were not visible in the earlier, lower resolution image. Ultima Thule measures approximately 30 kilometers (18 miles) in diameter, and is irregularly shaped. Even better […]
The best-yet image of Ultima Thule taken by the wide-angle Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) is now online. The image shows a large circular depression, and many smaller depressions. These were not visible in the earlier, lower resolution image. Ultima Thule measures approximately 30 kilometers (18 miles) in diameter, and is irregularly shaped. Even better future images are expected. The principal investigator, Alan Stern, as well as eight other systems designers, teach Spacecraft Design courses for the Applied Technology Institute (ATI or ATIcourses). If you are working in Space and Spacecraft it is good to take classes and learn from real-world experts who have designed and operated successful spacecraft. Why not learn from the best? Click on this blog post to see the New Horizons designers and the specific classes that they teach. https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2018/12/19/new-horizons-spacecraft-approaches-ultima-thule/ Applied Technology Institute has been following the New Horizons Mission to Pluto for years (since launch in 2006). Now New Horizons continued to the Kuiper Belt object (KBO) nicknamed MU69 Ultima Thule. New Horizons fly past and imaged the Ultima Thule on January 1, 2019. High-resolution images are only now being transmitted back and released to the public. The best source for these images is http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/News-Center/News-Article.php This link provides an ongoing source of featured images. http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/Galleries/Featured-Images/index.php New Horizons is approximately 4.13 billion miles (6.64 billion kilometers) from Earth, operating normally and speeding away from the Sun (and Ultima Thule) at more than 31,500 miles (50,700 kilometers) per hour. At that distance, a radio signal reaches Earth six hours and nine minutes after leaving the spacecraft.

Video – USS South Dakota SSN 790 will join the U.S. Navy submarine force in February 2019

Take a Tour of America’s Newest Nuclear Submarine Virginia class USS South Dakota SSN 790 will join the U.S. Navy submarine force in February 2019 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Overall Length: 377 ft Extreme Beam: 33 ft Max Navigational Draft: 32 ft Full Displacement: 7800 tons Hull Material: Steel hull, steel superstructure. No. of Propellers: 1 Propulsion […]
Take a Tour of America’s Newest Nuclear Submarine Virginia class USS South Dakota SSN 790 will join the U.S. Navy submarine force in February 2019 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Overall Length: 377 ft Extreme Beam: 33 ft Max Navigational Draft: 32 ft Full Displacement: 7800 tons Hull Material: Steel hull, steel superstructure. No. of Propellers: 1 Propulsion Type: Steam Turbine (Nuclear) Accommodations: Officers: 15 Enlisted: 117 Total 132 people onbord Video Link https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/navy-ships/a25780066/uss-south-dakota-americas-newest-nuclear-submarine/ Also see ATI’s submarines course. https://www.aticourses.com/Submarines_and_Submariners_Introduction.html Summary This three-day course is designed for engineers in the field of submarine R&D and Operational Test and Evaluation. It is an introductory course presenting the fundamental philosophy of submarine design, submerged operation and combat system employment as they are managed by a battle-tested submarine organization that all-in-all make a US submarine a very cost-effective warship at sea—and under it. Today’s US submarine tasking is discussed in consonance with the strategy and policy of the US, and the goals, objectives, mission, functions, tasks, responsibilities, and roles of the US Navy as they are so funded. Submarine warfare is analyzed referencing some calculations for a Benefits-to-Cost analysis, in that, Submarines Sink Ships! From this course you will gain a better understanding of submarine warships being stealth-oriented, cost-effective combat systems at sea. Those who have worked with specific submarine sub-systems will find that this course will clarify the rationale and essence of their interface with one another. Attendees will receive copies of the presentation along with some relevant white papers. What You Will Learn Differences in submarine types (SSN/SSBN/ SSGN) Submarine onboard organization and day to day operations Basic Fundamentals of submarine systems and sensors Submarine Mission profiles Basics of Submarine Warfare tactical and operational control How submarines support national military objectives Makeup and function of the Submarine Support Enterprise How the sea impacts submarine operations Submarine Maintenance Cycles – Supporting the Tip of the Spear

New Horizons: Watch the Ultima Thule Flyby —- In-Depth Coverage Starts Dec 31

On New Year’s Day, the New Horizons spacecraft, which flew past Pluto in 2015, will be making another flyby. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has been whizzing toward Ultima Thule ever since it completed its primary mission: the historic Pluto flyby of July 2015. The overall trip was 13 years and 4 Billion miles. NASA estimates […]
On New Year’s Day, the New Horizons spacecraft, which flew past Pluto in 2015, will be making another flyby. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft has been whizzing toward Ultima Thule ever since it completed its primary mission: the historic Pluto flyby of July 2015. The overall trip was 13 years and 4 Billion miles. NASA estimates that the probe will arrive at its new destination at 12:33 A.M. Eastern time on New Year’s Day (01/01/2019) and engineers have devised a carefully-calculated trajectory to ensure it gets to Thule safely. This will be the most distant flyby ever conducted. Follow the news at http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/News-Center/Where-to-Watch.php I have been personally inspired by the success of the New Horizons’ mission. I was present at JHU/APL for the July 2015 Pluto flyby and briefings. Many of the New Horizons engineers continue to teach ATI engineering and science training courses based on their first-hand real-world experience. This has been a high success, 13-year project that may continue to other new objects as the spacecraft is healthy and still performing well. I hope so. See their information at https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2018/12/19/new-horizons-spacecraft-approaches-ultima-thule/ Information Timeline ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Date Time Event 31 Monday December, 2018 2:00-3:00 pm EST Press briefing: Ultima Thule flyby science and operations preview. Panelists include Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator, Southwest Research Institute; Helene Winters, New Horizons project manager, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory; John Spencer, New Horizons deputy project scientist, Southwest Research Institute; Frederic Pelletier, navigation team lead, KinetX, Inc. 3:00-4:00 pm EST Q&A: Ask the New Horizons Team. Questions from social media (#askNewHorizons) answered by Alex Parker, New Horizons co-investigator, Southwest Research Institute; Kelsi Singer, co-investigator, Southwest Research Institute; Gabe Rogers, New Horizons deputy mission systems engineer, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory 8:00-11:00 pm EST Panel discussion on the exploration of small worlds (8-9 pm); Ultima Thule flyby countdown events; mission updates 1 Tuesday January, 2019 12:02 am EST Global song release: Brian May, New Horizons contributing scientist and Queen guitarist, “New Horizons (Ultima Thule Mix)” 12:15-12:45 am EST Live coverage of countdown to closest approach (12:33 am); real-time flyby simulations 10:15 – 10:45 am EST Live coverage of New Horizons signal-acquisition activities in the Mission Operations Center, confirming spacecraft status and flyby success 11:30 am– 12:30 pm EST Press briefing: Spacecraft status, latest images and data download schedule. Panelists include Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator, Southwest Research Institute; Alice Bowman, New Horizons mission operations manager, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory; Hal Weaver, New Horizons project scientist, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory; Chris Hersman, New Horizons mission systems engineer, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. 2 Wednesday January, 2019 2:00-3:00 pm EST Press briefing: Science results from Ultima Thule.Panelists include Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator, Southwest Research Institute; Jeff Moore, New Horizons co-investigator, NASA Ames Research Center; Cathy Olkin, New Horizons deputy project scientist, Southwest Research Institute; Will Grundy, New Horizons co-investigator, Lowell Observatory. 3 Thursday January, 2019 2:00-3:00 pm EST Press briefing: Science results from Ultima Thule.Panelists TBD. Previous articles about New Horizons on ATI’s website. Related blog post: 1. https://www.aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2018/12/19/new-horizons-spacecraft-approaches-ultima-thule/ 2. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft is 15.96 astronomical units (about 2.39 billion kilometers, or 1.48 billion miles) from the Sun 3. NASA New Horizons spacecraft on the way to rendezvous with planet Pluto 4. The New Horizons Mission to Pluto–Ten Experts Who Worked Behind-the-Scenes On the New Horizons Mission and Who Teach for ATIcourses. 5. New Horizons: Recollections of Ground System Engineer, Steve Gemeny 6. New Horizons – This was almost a disaster, but was saved by knowledgeable scientists. 7. New Horizons Flyover of Pluto

New Images Show the Record-Breaking Wildfire Season, California Shows Nine New Scars

Space remote sensing can provide the big picture of the Record-Breaking Fires in California. We had family members living in Paradise, California. Their home and their veterinary business were totally destroyed. They have to effectively restart their lives. Those burn scars include the traces of the Camp Fire that destroyed the town of Paradise in […]
Space remote sensing can provide the big picture of the Record-Breaking Fires in California. We had family members living in Paradise, California. Their home and their veterinary business were totally destroyed. They have to effectively restart their lives. Those burn scars include the traces of the Camp Fire that destroyed the town of Paradise in mid-November. That fire became the deadliest fire in California’s history after it killed at least 85 people. See https://www.space.com/42554-california-wildfires-2018-burn-scars-from-space.htm If you want to learn more about Space and Space-Based Remote Sensing visit our catalog-of-all courses https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#space

Layered Missile Defense Article and Comments

Missile Defense is a complex problem for the US and US allies such as Israel and Poland. The US Department of Defense has a layered approach of different systems to detect threat missile launches and then to intercept and destroy the incoming missiles. Defense systems include1. Phalanx Close-In Weapons System (CIWS)2. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense […]

Missile Defense is a complex problem for the US and US allies such as Israel and Poland. The US Department of Defense has a layered approach of different systems to detect threat missile launches and then to intercept and destroy the incoming missiles.

 Defense systems include

1. Phalanx Close-In Weapons System (CIWS)

2. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)

3. Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System

4. Israel’s Iron Dome

5. SkyCeptor This is a good summary article sponsored by Raytheon.

https://breakingdefense.com/2018/10/the-present-and-future-of-layered-missile-defense/?

Equally as interesting are the detailed comments from the Breaking Defense readers that appear at the end of the article. The comments focus on costs and the relative costs of the missiles used by the attackers (say for example North Korea or Iran) and the missile defense system missiles. ATI is interested in your comments about the article and open source articles about Missile Defense Systems cost and performance. ATI has many relevant technical training courses that help to understand the technology and components of Missile Defense Systems. These courses can be presented on-site at your facility or at publically scheduled open enrollment courses. Please email your requests to ati@aticourses.com

https://www.aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar These courses help understand the Missile Defense technologies

1. Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense- https://www.aticourses.com/Aegis_Ballistic_Missile_Defense.html

2. Aegis Combat System Engineering- https://www.aticourses.com/Aegis_Combat_System_Engineering.html

3. AESA Radar and Its Applications https://www.aticourses.com/Modern_AESA_Radara_Principles.html

4. C4ISR Requirements, Principles& Systems https://www.aticourses.com/c4isr_requirement_principles.htm

5. Electronic Warfare Against the New Threat https://www.aticourses.com/Electroni_Warfare_Agains_New_Threat_Environment.html

These courses directly focus on missiles and missile defense.

1. Making Decisions in Missile Defense- https://www.aticourses.com/making_decisions_in_missile_defense.htm

2. Missile Analysis- https://www.aticourses.com/missile_systems_analysis.htm

3. Missile Guidance https://www.aticourses.com/Modern_Missile_Guidance.html

4. Missile System Design https://www.aticourses.com/tactical_missile_design.htm

5. Modeling, Simulation of Aerospace Vehicles https://www.aticourses.com/Modeling_Simulation_Analysis_of_Aerospace_Vehicles.html

6. Modeling & Simulation of Missiles in 6 DoF https://www.aticourses.com/Modeling&SimulationMissilesin6DoF.html

7. Tactical Strategic Missile Guidance Please email your requests for more information to ati@aticourses.com