ATI's Applied Physical & Coastal Oceanography course
This course will provide an overview of contemporary ocean physics, emphasizing
issues of current interest particularly, interdisciplinary processes in the
coastal environment. Areas highlighted will include: the effects of the ocean environment on acoustic propagation and reverberation; shallow water effects, coastal
oceanography; global warming and climate effects; environmental degradation and
pollution; and a review of current and future programs in the Navy and civil
Ocean processes play a key role in understanding the world's climate,
weather, and local events in our nearby coast. Physical oceanography encompasses
scales from global circulation to the sub-millimeter scales of turbulence and
mixing - a range encompassing 12 orders-of-magnitude! Important phenomena
affected by physical processes in the ocean include: global warming and climate
change; Gulf Stream dynamics that affect seasonal weather patterns; and
small-scale mixing processes that govern bio-geo-chemical evolution. Further
diversity results from geographic differences: from the ice covered polar
regions, that play an important role in the global warming issue; to the
equatorial regimes, where the El Nino phenomena affects annual climate and
ultimately fisheries; as well as the unique problems in the coastal ocean, which
affect the daily lives of a large fraction of earth's inhabitants.
Scientists and engineers using ocean environmental data will find this
course an invaluable overview to the broad scope of ocean physics. The course
provides both the theory and applications needed to understand contemporary
issues. A complete set of notes will be supplied to all participants.
- Essentials of Ocean and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. Basic equations of incompressible fluids. Turbulence. Geostrophic flow.
Instabilities. Stratified flows. Rotating flows. Basic dimensionless
parameters governing physical oceanography.
- Basic Physics of the Ocean. Ocean structure. Stratification. The thermocline and mixed layer. Air-sea processes. Surface waves. Energy transport and balance. The ocean abyss.
- Global and Basin Scale Oceanography. Ocean circulation. Water mass transport. Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. The Ekman layer. Rossby waves. The El Nino phenomena. The greenhouse effect.
- Meso-Scale Processes. The Gulf Stream. Warm and cold rings. Eddies. Ocean fronts. Mixed layer dynamics.
- Small-Scale Oceanography. Fine and microstructure. Mixing. K-H and
double diffusive instabilities. Internal waves. Surface stress and air sea
- Coastal and Shallow Water Oceanography. Shelf circulation. Tides. Upwelling. Shelf break fronts. Semi-enclosed seas. Straits. Near shore and beach processes. Estuaries. Example SVPs and bottom characteristics for shallow water environments.
- Interdisciplinary Coastal Processes. Biophysical interactions. Coastal types and ecosystems. Sea-level changes near shore-beach dynamics. Coastal hazards. Coastal management.
- Methods of Modern Physical Oceanography. Ships. In water instrumentation. Ocean data bases. Satellite/remote sensing. Numerical simulations. Laboratory models.
- Acoustical Oceanography. Processes that affect acoustic propagation. Scattering and reverberation. Basic theory of acoustic/flow interaction. Ocean sound channel. Surface effects - waves and bubbles. Water column (volume) reverberation. Wave propagation in a fluctuating medium.
- Environmental Issues. Global climate change. Pollution monitoring. Oil spill transport. Sediment transport and the lutocline. Bio-physical interactions.
- Contemporary Issues and Programs. Navy interests in the changing political climate. Emerging civil issues. Energy from the sea. Major ocean programs: WOCE, TOGA, GLOBEC, POEM.
Tuition for this course is $1740 per person at one of our scheduled public courses. Onsite pricing is available. Please call us at 410-956-8805 or send an email to ATI@ATIcourses.com.