Mine Warfare Essentials

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Mine Warfare Essentials

3-Day Course


The three-day course emphasizes realistic expectations based on field operations. Case studies will provide a solid understanding of the major issues and effects. Noise testing and performance limitations of noise is covered as are the relationships between position, attitude, and bathymetry.

The course presents some of the latest techniques used for side scan sonar data review. The course is valuable for users of sonar records, for operators of equipment, and for scientists and engineers involved in the development and evaluation of sonar equipment. The course will discuss both commercial and military applications. All attendees will receive a complete set of notes.

Sonar Overview

  • Historical development (SONAR technology)
  • Basic sonar principles
  • Applications of side scan sonar
  • Sub-bottom profiler principles
  • Applications of sub-bottom profiling
  • Bathymetric mapping principles
  • Applications of bathymetric mapping

Introduction to SONAR Theory

  • Source level
  • Pulse length
  • Beamwidth
  • Frequency
  • Resolution
  • Advanced side scan sonar principles (multi-ping, multi-beam, SAS)

Introduction to Sound Propagation

  • Sound velocity
  • Spreading
  • Absorption
  • Refraction
  • Sound reflection
  • Backscatter (reverberation)
  • Time-varied gain
  • Noise (Ambient, self-made)
  • Sound in sediments
  • Sonar equation

Surface Effects

  • Targets and shadows
  • Sonar design or function
  • Towing conditions
  • Electrical noise
  • Distortions
  • Quantitative treatment
  • Sub-bottom profiler interpretation and recognizing anomalies
  • Bathymetry expressions and interpretation of anomalies

Side Scan Sonar System Architecture

  • Software applications (imaging, targeting, CAD/CAC/ATR, mensuration, mapping, reporting)
  • Topside hardware-interfaces and considerations (safety and quality)
  • Towfish system hardware and considerations (safety and quality)
  • Towing accessories
    i. winches, sheaves, cable counters and handling equipment
    ii. wing, keel and clump weight depressors, and drogues
    iii. sensors-magnetometers, USBL, LBL, pingers
  • System maintenance, operations and troubleshooting

System Installation

  • Towfish rigging
  • Operational variables
  • Towfish positioning
  • Targets
  • Safety and quality concerns

    Specialized Applications

  • REA applications and considerations (imagery coverage mosaic, bathymetry and magnetic anomaly mapping)
  • Search and survey operations
  • Unmanned (remotely operated) applications
  • Autonomous applications

Onsite pricing is available. Please call us at 410-956-8805 or email ati@aticourses.com.

Register Now Without Obligation.


Straud Armstrong - Earned B.S. in Marine Sciences, M.S. and Candidacy for Ph.D. in Geological Sciences through the University of South Carolina, developing algorithms for sonar-aided mapping of complex marine and aquatic environments and teaching undergraduate courses. For more than 25 years he has been exploring and mapping seafloor features through SCUBA and ROV-aided inspections, AUV, Hull-Mounted and Towed sonar detection and classification. He served as an Applications Engineer with Teledyne Benthos and Technical Sales Manager for Klein Marine Systems helping explorers throughout the globe to achieve their goals with emphasis on sonar mapping technologies and applications. He has been an active participant in manned, unmanned (remote), and autonomous Naval REA and MCM exercises and contact reporting in support of the US Navy, NATO, and others. His teaching style emphasizes comprehension and experiential learning to develop student/trainee skills and awareness beyond the scripted curriculum.

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