# OUR MOON QUIETLY GROWS TO SUPERMOON SIZE

Tom Logsdon
“Hi diddle diddle,
The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon.
The little dog laughed,
To see such fun,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.”
My mother taught me that playful English nursery rhyme when I was about nine years old..
Notice how the poet who wrote it couldn’t think of anything more fanciful than having a living,
breathing creature ending up in the vicinity of the moon!
It took 300,000 of us a full decade of very hard work, but we did it! We sent two dozen
astronauts on the adventure of a lifetime and we brought all of them back alive. In 1961
President John F. Kennedy, youthful and exuberant and brimming over with confidence,
announced to the world that America’s scientists and engineers would—within a single decade
—land a man on the moon and return him safely to the earth. No cows need apply. But
potential human astronauts were bigly and hugely enthusiastic about their new opportunity
to fly through space to a different world.
By using the math and physics we had learned in school, we covered hundreds of pages with
with cryptic mathematical symbols to work out the details down to a gnat’s eyebrow.
We ended up hurling 24 American astronauts into the vicinity of the moon!. 12 of them
“kangaroo hopped“ on its surface.
Earlier this month, when the moon grew to its maximum apparent size, we were all reminded of
the excitement we felt during Project Apollo. Of course, the size of the moon did not actually
change, it merely moved up to its point of closest approach.
Systematic perturbations on the moon’s orbit coupled with rhythmic variations in its distance
from the Earth as it traveled around its elliptical orbit resulted in surprisingly large variations
in its apparent size and its brightness as seen from the Earth.
These distance variations, in turn, cause its observed diameter and its brightness to vary by as
much as 15 and 30 percent, respectively. When the moon approaches its maximum apparent
size and brightness, it is characterized as a supermoon. The biggest and brightest supermoons
are spaced out several decades apart.
My son, Chad, who participates in Special Olympics, used his cellphone camera to create the
two photographs that accompany this blog. He took the first picture at the crack of dawn
when the moon reached its maximum diameter at the edge of the parking lot at the Embassy
Suites Hotel in Lexington, Kentucky (population 360,000). He made the second photograph
12 hours later in my hometown of Springfield, Kentucky, ((population 2900). That second
picture was made on a small roadside hill beside the Bardstown Road above the IGA
Supermarket within sight of the yellow blinker light at the edge of town.
Author and short-course instructor, Tom Logsdon, who wrote this article, teaches the Launch
and Orbital Mechanics short course for The Applied Technology Institute. Click here for more
information on that course. He also teaches the GPS and Its International Competitors short
course. Click here for more information.

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# Amazing Video of the Planning and Work for B-29 Bombing of Japan during WW II.

This is an amazing video for World War II. The Academy Award-nominated documentary, which shows the 21st Bombing Command and its role in the B-29 bombing of Japan. This film is about 35 minutes long.  To think of 600 B-29s all taking off from 3 locations and coordinating to bomb Japan at one time to fly 3000 miles is beyond imagination.

Look at the planning and control without the computers and GPS of today. This is worth viewing for anyone working in military research and planning.

The P-51 fighter  & B29 bomber footage is remarkable. We all owe a great debt of gratitude to the Greatest Generation.

https://archive.org/details/TheLastBomb1945

This was recently posted by USNA-At-Large group and is worth viewing. The group is a good source of Navy- and Defense- related information.

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# Memorial Day 2016 Tribute – John McCain recounts fellow POWs’ astounding bravery in Vietnam

Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses or ATI) is proud to support the US Defense Forces, with strong personal and corporate ties to the US Navy. This 1 1/2 minute video Memorial Day 2016 Tribute is worth viewing to remind us all of the sacrifices made to defend our freedom and way of life.

http://www.militarytimes.com/story/veterans/2016/05/27/mccain-memorial-day-video/85034226/

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# ATI “Trained Rocket Scientist” mugs are a part of fond family memories

Students taking courses through Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses) receive mugs with the clever slogan “Trained Rocket Scientist.”  This may be a very small perk for most students, but a family recently shared how these mugs have become a fond memory.

Josie Cullina sent in what she termed an “odd” request to ATI recently.  Josie wanted to buy some “Trained Rocket Scientist” mugs.  Her husband, Jeffrey Cullina, had taken various classes here at ATI over the years and had a few of those mugs which the family used on a daily basis.  Sadly, after battling brain cancer for seven years, Jeffrey Cullina passed away two years ago.  The “Trained Rocket Scientist” mugs have worn from use and Josie realized how important they had become to her and her family.  “I just have some fond memories and the kids get a kick out of them for cocoa as well. It’s the little things…”

ATI is proud to be a part of this special family memory and offers our most sincere condolences to the Cullina family for their loss.

To find out more about Jeff and Josie’s story visit: http://www.caringbridge.org/visit/jeffreycullina

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# ATI Course Shines Light On Satellite Laser Communications

Applied Technology Institute (ATICourses) offers a variety of courses on Space & Satellite Technology.

As laser technology draw increasing attention from the satellite industry, Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses) is ready with a specialized program designed for individuals interested in this new frontier in wireless communications. The course is aimed at engineers, scientists and other professionals grounded in traditional radio-frequency communications who want to be prepared as optical technology grows in prominence as a way to transmit data.

The program will provide an overview of the differences and similarities between laser- and RF-based communications. The class will train participants in how to design, implement and optimize laser communications systems, and will focus on the specific challenges laser-based communications systems must overcome to connect hardware in space and on the ground efficiently and reliably. Upcoming session is scheduled for April 28-30, 2014, in Columbia, MD.

The course will be taught by Dr. Hamid Hemmati, supervisor of the Optical Communications Group at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), where he has worked since 1986. Before joining JPL, Dr. Hemmati worked at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology. He specializes in the use of laser technology for space-based communications and is the editor and author of two books about optical communications.

For further information about ATI’s satellite laser communications course, including registration and cost details, visithttp://www.aticourses.com/satellite_laser_communications.htm

About Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses or ATI)

ATIcourses is a national leader in professional development seminars in the technical areas of space, communications, defense, sonar, radar, engineering, and signal processing. Since 1984, ATIcourses has presented leading-edge technical training to defense and NASA facilities, as well as DOD and aerospace contractors. ATI’s programs create a clear understanding of the fundamental principles and a working knowledge of current technology and applications. ATI offers customized on-site training at your facility anywhere in the United States, as well as internationally, and over 200 annual public courses in dozens of locations. ATI is proud to have world-class experts instructing courses. For more information, call 410-956-8805 or 1-888-501-2100 (toll free), or visit them on the web at www.ATIcourses.com.

Note: Accredited media are invited to attend for free.

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# Sequestration and the real world

The Washington Post had an article on June 30, 2013 titled “They said the sequester would be scary.  Mostly, they were wrong.”  It said the effects were largely mitigated by political means and methods after all.

I just want to say that for us at ATI, the predictions of large cutbacks are mostly correct.  It has had a tremendously adverse effect with attendance at public courses down more than 40 %  People either do not have money for travel and/ or they do not have money for training.  Both training and travel are the first to be cut in a tight budget.  The story that best illustrates this came to me from a gentleman who, along with his colleague, had registered –and paid- to attend one of our courses last winter.  In the eleventh hour they had to withdraw as travel funding was no longer permitted.

I contacted him when the course was next being held to find out if they might be able to attend this time and the answer was “no”.  He elaborated, “They’ve even stopped cutting the grass (knee high is some places) and our restrooms only get cleaned twice a week.  Sequestration is hurting us badly.”

To this I responded, “Holy cow! Knee high grass.”

He came back with, “We could use a few cows.”

Please feel free to share your Sequestration story.

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# Training budgets: Smaller is not an option

The debate on the budgets for the government organizations is pretty toxic in the US. Both US Navy and US Army alongside other organizations have declared budget shortfalls which effect many areas including training. Without commitment to training and learning new skills there can be no continuous improvement, which is one of the prime directives of any government or company.

The Applied Technology Institute (ATI) specializes in short course technical training in space, communications, defense, sonar, radar, systems engineering and signal processing. Since 1984 ATI has provided leading-edge public courses and on-site technical training to defense and NASA facilities, as well as DOD and aerospace contractors. The courses provide a clear understanding of the fundamental principles and a working knowledge of current technology and applications.

When your company does not want to pay for the training you really want, as an alternative, you can:

• Spent your own personal money and funds; if you believe in it and then you will do it
• Find a user group who are practicing the skills you desire
• Don’t accept the classic answer from the boss, “How does X help the business?”. If the training is relevant to you achieving a goal of being a much better employee then of course it is relevant.
• Find another organization to work for

A training manager with a good team can:

• Fight for your team and their training; fight for your team’s budget and don’t let the senior management take it away
• Give up your personal training for the entire year and suggest that they allocate the extra budget to training for your team members
• Perhaps, it is time to evaluate the relationship with the preferred supplier of training. Has your firm been getting decent value from the PSL (preferred supplier list)?
• Find alternatives to training like brown bag lunches and/or collaborate with other businesses

Everybody needs training and self-improvement.

Please share your opinion with us by commenting below.

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# China’s anti-satellite weapon a ‘trump card’ against US’

ATIcourses has many courses related to Space, Satellites, GPS and Satellite Communications. We think the the news below could be of interest to our visitors.

Amid reports that China is gearing up to conduct one more anti-satellite weapons test (ASAT) putting US Global Positioning System (GPS) at risk, Chinese state media today asserted that Beijing had the right to carry out the test as it is a “trump card” against Washington.

China may be gearing up to perform a controversial ASAT test this month, perhaps in the next week or two, US media report said.

“In 2007 and 2010, China conducted anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons tests, both on January 11. Rumours circulating for the past few months suggest that some within the US defence and intelligence community believe China is preparing to conduct another ASAT test,” Union of Concerned Scientists, a Cambridge-based body of scientists reported.

China’s previous tests caused concern in India too with assertions by the Indian defence officials that New Delhi also should acquire such a capability.

Read more here.

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# ATI Instructor Releases A New Book On Wavelets + 25% discount!

ATI offers Wavelets: A Conceptual Practical Approach course on Jun 12-14, 2012 in Columbia, MD.  We thought our reader might be interested in the fact that our instructor Amir Nijami released a new book called Wavelets: A Concise Guide.  You can follow this link to purchase the book and receive 25% discount http://www.aticourses.com/Book_JHUPress.pdf

Introduced nearly three decades ago as a variable resolution alternative to the Fourier transform, awavelet is a short oscillatory waveform for analysis of transients. The discrete wavelet transformhas remarkable multi-resolution and energy-compaction properties. Amir-Homayoon Najmi’sintroduction to wavelet theory explains this mathematical concept clearly and succinctly.Wavelets are used in processing digital signals and imagery from myriad sources. They form thebackbone of the JPEG2000 compression standard, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation usesbiorthogonal wavelets to compress and store its vast database of fingerprints. Najmi provides themathematics that demonstrate how wavelets work, describes how to construct them, and discussestheir importance as a tool to investigate and process signals and imagery. He reviews key conceptssuch as frames, localizing transforms, orthogonal and biorthogonal bases, and multi-resolution.His examples include the Haar, the Shannon, and the Daubechies families of orthogonal andbiorthogonal wavelets.Our capacity and need for collecting and transmitting digital data is increasing at an astonishingrate. So too is the importance of wavelets to anyone working with and analyzing digital data.Najmi’s primer will be an indispensable resource for those in computer science, the physicalsciences, applied mathematics, and engineering who wish to obtain an in-depth understanding andworking knowledge of this fascinating and evolving field.

To receive a 25% discount, please send an email to ATI@ATIcourses.com requesting the discount form.

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# Can You Pass the CSEP Exam?

## Certified Systems Engineers Are In Demand

(RIVA, Md., March 2009) Just as you would not attempt a state bar exam without studying, you should not attempt the CSEP (Certified Systems Engineer Professional) exam without preparation. By taking a preparatory course, you can yield great benefits in performance, stress reduction and overall, greatly improve your chances of passing the exam.

While the economy is down, the demand for systems engineers is still growing–but supply is low. Last October, Jitu Desai of IBM said, “The demand for systems engineering management of complex programs is increasing. This is coupled with the new technologies that are entering the marketplace to make it both easier and more difficult to manage. We need new ways of managing design and development activities of major systems. This method includes access to global talent and skills, as well as the marketplace offerings that provide improved methods for collaborating innovations.”

To assist you in your career, the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) has added a CSEP preparation course to its curriculum. Systems engineering is a profession, practice and way of doing business that concentrates on the design and application of the whole system to produce a successful product or system.

The International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) has established a Professional Certification Program to provide a formal method for recognizing the knowledge and experience of systems engineers. The INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering Professional (CSEP) rating is a more coveted milestone in the career of a systems engineer, demonstrating knowledge, education and experience and is of high value to systems organizations.

Test what you know. ATIcourses has posted samples from its CSEP Preparation class on its web site at:www.ATIcourses.com/sampler/CSEP_Preparation_CourseSampler.pdf
These materials include information on how to apply successfully for the CSEP, a study plan to pass the CSEP exam, sample questions to assess your skills and a guide to completing your application selected from a full two-day course CSEP Preparation sponsored by the Applied Technology Institute.
This two-day course walks you through the CSEP requirements and the INCOSE Handbook Version 3.1 to cover all topics on the CSEP exam. Interactive work and study plans, and sample examination questions will help you to prepare effectively for the exam. Participants complete the course with solid knowledge, a hard copy of the INCOSE Handbook, study plans, and a sample examination.

This course is currently scheduled as a public offering at several dates and locations: Your facility can request this course as an on-site presentation. The current schedule includes the following public dates open to all:

 Mar 20-21, 2012 Columbia, MD Apr 20-21, 2012 Orlando, FL

The instructor is Eric Honour, an international consultant and lecturer, who has a 38-year career of complex systems development & operation. He was Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System locations.

ATI, a leader in scientific and technical training since 1984, will be hosting the course. ATI specializes in training seminars for professionals working in radar, sonar, space systems, satellites and systems engineering. For more information contact Applied Technology Institute at (888) 501-2100 or register online atwww.ATIcourses.com.

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