Space & Satellite

New Direction for NASA

($M) FY 2009 ARRA FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015
NASA FY 2010 17,782.4 1,002.0 18,724.3 19,000.0 19,450.0 19,960.0 20,600.0 20,990.0
_ NASA’s new strategic approach will spawn exciting developments in
research and technology that will make future spaceflight more affordable
and sustainable, inspire a new generation of Americans, and increase our
knowledge of the solar system and the universe of which we are a part.
_ This investment will ensure that future space explorers will have tools,
capabilities and knowledge that we can only dream about today.
_ NASA looks forward to working with the Congress and others to further
the President’s and the nation’s goals for NASA.

Top line increase of $6.0 billion over 5-years (FY 2011-15) compared to the FY 2010 Budget,
for a total of $100 billion over five years.
_ Significant and sustained investments in:
◦ Transformative technology development and flagship technology demonstrations to pursue new
approaches to space exploration;
◦ Robotic precursor missions to multiple destinations in the solar system;
◦ Research and development on heavy-lift and propulsion technologies;
◦ U.S. commercial spaceflight capabilities;
◦ Future launch capabilities, including work on modernizing Kennedy Space Center after the
retirement of the Shuttle;
◦ Extension and increased utilization of the International Space Station;
◦ Cross-cutting technology development aimed at improving NASA, other government, and
commercial space capabilities;
◦ Accelerating the next wave of Climate change research and observations spacecraft;
◦ NextGen and green aviation; and
◦ Education, including focus on STEM.

 Cancellation of the Constellation program; and $600 million in FY 2011 to ensure the safe
retirement of the Space Shuttle upon completion of the current manifest.

Funding Table
Budget Authority ($M) FY 2009 ARRA FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015
Science 4,503.1 400.0 4,493.3 5,005.6 5,248.6 5,509.6 5,709.8 5,814.0
Earth Science 1,377.3 325.0 1,420.7 1,801.7 1,944.4 2,089.4 2,216.5 2,282.1
Planetary Science 1,288.1 1,341.3 1,485.8 1,547.3 1,591.3 1,630.2 1,649.5
Astrophysics 1,229.9 75.0 1,103.9 1,076.3 1,109.3 1,149.1 1,158.7 1,131.6
Heliophysics 607.8 627.4 641.9 647.6 679.8 704.4 750.8
Aeronautics and Space 500.0 150.0 507.0 1,151.8 1,596.9 1,650.1 1,659.0 1,818.2
Research and Technology
Aeronautics Research 500.0 150.0 507.0 579.6 584.7 590.4 595.1 600.3
Space Technology 572.2 1,012.2 1,059.7 1,063.9 1,217.9
Exploration 3,505.5 400.0 3,779.8 4,263.4 4,577.4 4,718.9 4,923.3 5,179.3
Space Operations 5,764.7 6,180.6 4,887.8 4,290.2 4,253.3 4,362.6 4,130.5
Space Shuttle 2,979.5 3,139.4 989.1 86.1
International Space 2,060.2 2,317.0 2,779.8 2,983.6 3,129.4 3,221.9 3,182.8
Space and 725.0 724.2 1,119.0 1,220.6 1,123.9 1,140.7 947.7
Flight Support (SFS)
Education 169.2 183.8 145.8 145.8 145.7 145.7 146.8
Cross‐Agency Support 3,306.4 50.0 3,095.1 3,111.4 3,189.6 3,276.8 3,366.5 3,462.2
Center Management 2,024.3 2,067.0 2,273.8 2,347.4 2,427.7 2,509.7 2,594.3
and Operations
Agency Management 921.2 941.7 837.6 842.2 849.1 856.8 867.9
and Operations
Institutional Investments 293.7 50.0 23.4
Congressionally Directed 67.2 63.0
Construction and 448.3 397.3 363.8 366.9 393.5 398.5
Environ. Compliance and Restor.
Inspector General 33.6 2.0 36.4 37.0 37.8 38.7 39.6 40.5

NASA FY 2010 17,782.4 1,002.0 18,724.3 19,000.0 19,450.0 19,960.0 20,600.0 20,990.0

Space Exploration-New Direction

There has been a continued back and forth on whether commercial companies can ferry astronauts safely.

Space policy scholar John Logsdon, who was on an Obama space campaign advisory committee said Obama is adopting the preferred option of a White House-appointed outside panel of experts last year. That concept includes reliance on a commercial spaceship, a space station that functions for five more years than planned, and a “flexible path” for human space exploration. That might mean trips to a nearby asteroid, a Martian moon or a brief visit to the moon, instead of the Bush plan for a moon base by the end of the decade.
“What kills the moon mission is the decision to extend the space station to 2020,” Logsdon said. That means the Bush goal of “moon by 2020 is dead. We can’t afford using the station for five more years and going to the moon.”

While the Constellation program “is dead, exploration is not dead and that’s really important,” Logsdon said.

Already proponents of the moon mission and thousands of workers in space centers in Florida, Alabama and Texas are upset. Congressional officials in those states have denounced such ideas and some of them sit on key committees where they could fight Obama’s plans. For example, Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., chairs the space subcommittee in the Senate. And the chairwoman of the House space subcommittee, Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., is married to a space shuttle astronaut.
The budget numbers were first reported this week by the Orlando Sentinel and Florida Today.

More information at

Watch SpaceX’s vision for its Dragon spaceship to ferry astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station.

Commercial Transport Of Astronauts- Funded Contenders

The Obama administration has decided to use commercial space providers. Her are some of the funded contenders for commercial transport of astronauts.

WASHINGTON — NASA has awarded $50 million through funded agreements to further the commercial sector’s capability to support transport of crew to and from low Earth orbit. This step is the first taken by NASA consistent with the president’s direction to foster commercial human spaceflight capabilities.

“The president has asked NASA to partner with the aerospace industry in a fundamentally new way, making commercially provided services the primary mode of astronaut transportation to the International Space Station,” said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. “We are pleased to be able to quickly move forward to advance this exciting plan for NASA.”

Through an open competition for funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, NASA has awarded Space Act Agreements to Blue Origin of Kent, Wash.; The Boeing Company of Houston; Paragon Space Development Corporation of Tucson, Ariz.; Sierra Nevada Corporation of Louisville, Colo.; and United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colo. The agreements are for the development of crew concepts and technology demonstrations and investigations for future commercial support of human spaceflight.

The Space Act Agreements are designed to foster entrepreneurial activity leading to high-tech job growth in engineering, analysis, design and research, and to promote economic growth as capabilities for new markets are created. Funding for these Space Act Agreements will stimulate efforts within the private sector to develop and demonstrate human spaceflight capabilities.

“These selections represent a critical step to enable future commercial human spaceflight,” said Doug Cooke, associate administrator for Exploration Systems at NASA. “These impressive proposals will advance NASA significantly along the path to using commercial services to ferry astronauts to and from low Earth orbit, and we look forward to working with the selected teams,” Cooke said.

All Space Act Agreements are designed to partially fund the development of system concepts, key technologies, and capabilities that could ultimately be used in commercial crew human space transportation systems. The selected teams also proposed matching funds from other sources that would leverage the taxpayer investment. The selected teams and awards are:

  • Blue Origin will receive $3.7 million
  • The Boeing Company will receive $18 million
  • Paragon Space Development Corporation will receive $1.4 million
  • Sierra Nevada Corporation will receive $20 million
  • United Launch Alliance will receive $6.7 million

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